Julie Andrews on how she got the part in Mary Poppins.
when walt fucking disney waits for you then you are the absolute queen of everything
♕ “Do you know what it is like to be sold, squire? I do. My brother sold me to Khal Drogo for the promise of a golden crown. Well, Drogo crowned him in gold, though not as he had wished, and I…my sun-and-stars made a queen of me, but if he had been a different man, it might have been much otherwise. Do you think I have forgotten how it felt to be afraid?”
Portuguese history meme — ten rulers [3/10]
João II of Portugal (1455-1495)
João II, nicknamed the Perfect Prince by Lope de Vega and echoing The Prince of Machiavelli, was the son of the first cousins King Afonso V of Portugal and Queen Isabel of Coimbra. He had an older sister, known as Princess Saint Joana. In 1471 he was armed knight by his father, during the conquest of Arzila [Asilah], in Morocco. In 1473 he married his first cousin, Leonor of Viseu. João assumes the regency of the kingdom during his father’s absence, due to the Castilian succession war. For example, the solution found by the prince to end the siege of Évora by the Castilian troops (when most of the Portuguese troops were in Castile with his father) was the following: he got all the knights available (300) and made them gallop from one side to the other near the Castilian camp so that Isabel’s troops would think that the Portuguese ones had lots of people available. The Castilian backed off and went back home.
Prince João participates in the Battle of Toro in March 1476, in order to help his father (defending the claim of his niece Joana la Beltraneja); João wins his side of the battle, but his father Afonso V does not. The final result of the battle is inconclusive, but from a strategic point of view, Isabel I of Castile and his husband Fernando II of Aragon win. Afonso travels to France, hoping to get support for his cause (Louis XI didn’t give it), and João becomes regent once more. He is even briefly acclaimed as king in 1477 after his father’s abdication, later annulled. João had increasing importance in the governation, especially when it came to the politics of the Atlantic since 1474. He defended the exclusivity of navigation in the African coast; the Treaty of Toledo was celebrated in 1480 by Portugal and Castile. When Afonso V dies in 1481, the prince becomes King João II of Portugal.
João II’s domestic politics consisted in a centralisation of power and loss of the influence of the nobility, especially directed against the House of Bragança; the opposite of what Afonso V had done. Among the nobility a series of intrigues and conspiracies was born and the king repressed them with violence, exemplified by the public execution of the duke of Bragança (who exchanged correspondence with the Queen of Castile) and the stabbing of the duke of Viseu (a brother of Queen Leonor involved in a conspiracy to kill the king) by João II himself. Many nobles escaped from Portugal, which resulted in the recovery of many lands for the king. The Cortes were reunited only 4 times during João II’s 14 year-old reign. The famous quote “I am the lord of the lords, not the servants of servants” belongs to him. In 1492, Portugal also received Jews after their expulsion from Spanish lands, but in truth, it was more of a business opportunity than a humanitarian mission for the king.
As for the maritime expansion, all West African coast was explored. Famous navigators were Diogo Cão and Bartolomeu Dias, the first European to sail around the southernmost tip of Africa in 1488 (Cape of Good Hope). João II also began the preparations of the great voyage to India by the east, trying to obtain the maximum information possible. He sent many emissaries by land who sent back reports to him; this assured the king that he could travel to India by the sea. There was a network of secret information and spies. Shrewd and cunning João II definitely knew the importance of intelligence. For him “there [were] times to observe as an owl, and times to fly as a falcon.” During João II’s reign there was also a strong diplomatic activity with several kingdoms.
After Columbus’ “discovery” of America, João II claimed the possession of those lands, based on the Treaty of Alcáçovas-Toledo. In 1494 the Treaty of Tordesillas is signed by the monarchs of Portugal and Spain (Castile and Aragon) after negociations with the intervention of the Pope Alexander VI (Rodrigo Borgia). In this treaty it was defined a meridian 370 (originally 100, but the Portuguese king wasn’t satisfied) leagues west of the Cape Verde islands; the lands to the west would belong to Spain and the ones to the east would be Portuguese. This put Brazil in the Portuguese area of influence, which suggests that João II could already know about the existence of such lands (prior to its official “discovery” in 1500). This treaty made official the idea of the mare clausum and freed the Portuguese mission to India from the Spanish competition, but João II wouldn’t live to see it accomplished in 1498.
The last years of João II’s reign are shadowed by succession problems. His only legitimate son was the infante Afonso, who tragically died in an accident in 1491. Although a connection was never proven, the Spanish Catholic kings were the ones to benefit the most from it (Afonso had married their eldest daughter Isabel). The king tried to legitimise his bastard son Jorge, but Queen Leonor always opposed to it. Manuel, duke of Beja and brother of the Queen was nominated by the king as his successor. João II dies almost alone in Algarve in 1495, after useless attempts to recover his deteriorating health. There is a suspicion that he was probably poisoned with arsenic, strengthened by the lack of decomposition of his body a year after his death and the strange deaths of three men of his retinue responsible for the king’s food (and who tasted it). When Isabel I of Castile received the news of Portuguese king’s death she allegedly exclaimed: “¡Murió el Hombre!” [The Man has died!]. Today King João II’s remains rest at the Monastery of Batalha. [x] [x] [x]
[Álvaro Monje plays João II of Portugal in Spanish historical TV series Isabel]
My portuguese boyfriend *o*.
Let’s go home.
“Oh I’m a monster. Perhaps you should speak to me more softly then. Monsters are dangerous and just now kings are dying like flies."
I know how to recognize a desperate s o u l
♕ I am blood of the dragon, she told herself. I am Daenerys Stormborn, Princess of Dragonstone, of the blood and seed of Aegon the Conqueror.